Final Report is published!


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About the Trade Agreement between the European Union and Central America

Since 1 August 2013, the Trade Pillar (Part IV) of the EU-Central America Association Agreement has been provisionally applied. The Agreement gradually opens up markets on both sides and increases the stability and predictability of the trade and investment environment. The Trade Pillar is comprehensive, similar to the Free Trade Agreement with Colombia, Peru and Ecuador and the EU-Korea FTA, which belong to a new generation of FTAs. In addition to trade liberalisation and facilitation of trade in goods, services and investment, it also covers public procurement, competition, intellectual property rights, trade and sustainable development chapter, and promotes economic regional integration.

About the evaluation of the Trade Agreement

After several years of provisional implementation, this evaluation study analyses the economic, social, human rights (including labour rights) and environmental impacts of the implementation of the Trade Pillar of the Association Agreement.

The evaluation is undertaken by BKP Economic Advisors, a German-based economic research and consulting firm, in cooperation with Trade Impact B.V., Global Sustainable Solutions, Trinomics, the Foundation Rural Development Consult (CDR), the NL-investmentconsulting B.V., the University of Costa Rica. Work started in January 2021 and will continue for over 14 months. On this website we will inform you about the progress of the evaluation, including consultations with stakeholders, as well as publish all reports produced (inception, interim, and final report).

Study Timeline

January 2021


The kick-off meeting with the Commission was held on 20 January 2021 and launched the inception phase, during which the methodology will be finalised.
April 2021

Inception report

The draft inception report will be published to invite comments from stakeholders before finalisation.
June 2021 to February 2022

Online public consultation and workshops in Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama

The online public consultation will be published by the European Commission and use the EUSurvey tool. Workshops and interviews are planned to be organised in the partner countries.
January 2022

Interim report

The interim report will be published to provide an update of the research status and to invite comments from stakeholders.
May 2022

Draft final report

The draft final report will be published to invite comments from stakeholders before finalisation.
July 2022